How to Manage Tick Infestations
Ticks require a blood meal from a host to continue their development. This, in turn, means they are vectors of a variety of viral, bacterial, and protozoal organisms that can cause disease and even death in both pets and people. Wildlife are the most common source of blood for many species of ticks with the exception of the brown dog tick. However, most ticks will readily feed on pets or humans.
Prevention of ticks and tick borne diseases requires the following:
Tick Medication for Your Pet (acaricide)
To be effective, tick medications have to be applied before an infestation. Currently all acaricides are either monthly topical medications or collars formulated to allow slow release after application for months.
Hickory Small Animal Hospital currently offers the following tick medications:
- Frontline Tritak - monthly topical application
- Nexgard - monthly oral flavored chew (Dogs only)
- Bravecto - 3 month oral flavored chew (Dogs only)
- Scalibor collar - 6 month tick collar (Dogs only)
- Seresto collar - 8 month flea and tick collar
Managing Tick Habitats
This can be accomplished in several ways. First is use tick repellents in your yard. Second involves avoiding areas that are commonly infested with ticks (wooded areas, overgrown fields, along deer trails, and other areas frequented by wildlife hosts).
Click here to view our page on how to remove ticks.
Tick Control Your House
This involves altering the habitat to make it less conducive to tick survival. This is accomplished by removing vegetation and leaf litter where ticks gather to maintain water balance. Edging the yard with rocks or gravel can also decrease the number of ticks that cross into the yard from adjacent wooded areas. Also, prevent wildlife from entering your yard.